# Crude death rate

This article describes a ratio measure. In the standard operationalization, the numerator of the measure is number of deaths (view other ratio measures with this numerator) and the denominator of the measure is population (view other ratio measures with this denominator). The denominator used for reporting is 1000. The measurement period is a year.

The numerator counts the number of occurrences of an event during the measurement period.

The denominator counts the total count of some type of entity, and an appropriate convention is set regarding the time within the measurement period that this count is calculated.

## Definition

### Conceptual definition

The **crude death rate** (**CDR**) for a population attempts to measure deaths as a proportion of the population.

### Operationalization

The **crude death rate** (**CDR**) for a population is defined as the number of deaths per 1000 people in the population. It is an example of a crude rate, because we use the *total* population in the denominator.