Abortion in Russia

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This page gives information of type abortion about the country Russia.
See all pages giving information on abortion for particular countries|See all pages giving information about Russia

Data sources

Abortion data is obtained from Johnston's archive, which in turn relies on a variety of sources. Data is not of high reliability.

Fertility data referenced on this page is drawn from the Human Fertility Database, which is of high reliability. The UN data and the HFD data correlate highly, even though the former is slightly less accurate, so the inconsistency in data sources should not affect broad conclusions. For more detailed fertility data, see the fertility in Russia page.

Qualitative history of relevant events

See Wikipedia:Abortion in Russia.

Year Event Postulated effects seen in abortion statistics
1920 Abortion was made legal by the Bolshevik government as part of their "Decree on Women's Healthcare" -- it was seen as a temporary necessity given that many women were not financially prepared to have kids because of the devastation caused by the war. No data available
1936 Abortion was made illegal because the leader, Joseph Stalin, wanted a larger population for greater national power. The law was unpopular. No data available
1955 Abortion was made legal again, shortly following Stalin's death in 1953. No data available
1993 Legal restrictions on sterilization were removed Decline in the abortion ratio from 1993 to 1994 -- the abortion ratio was quite high in 1992-1993 relative to what it was both earlier and later, suggesting that sterilization might have prevented further rise in the abortion ratio (note that the abortion rate was declining anyway, because the number of pregnancies overall was declining).
2011 Legal abortion was restricted to the first 12 weeks after pregnancy, with exception for abortion in the case of rape (22 weeks) and in case of medical necessity (any time prior to birth) No data available (too recent)

Abortion ratio and abortion rate

Year Abortion ratio Abortion ratio minus previous year's abortion ratio Abortion rate Abortion rate minus previous year's abortion rate
1957 1216.9
1958 1382.2 165.3
1959 1492.8 110.6 165
1960 1571.7 78.9 109.8 -55.2
1961 1787.7 216 118.2 8.4
1962 1983.9 196.2 124.6 6.4
1963 2202.1 218.2 130.7 6.1
1964 2533.6 331.5 137.3 6.6
1965 2744.7 211.1 139.4 2.1
1966 2718.7 -26 135 -4.4
1967 2703.9 -14.8 125.4 -9.6
1968 2682.6 -21.3 120.8 -4.6
1969 2571.5 -111.1 116.4 -4.4
1970 2541.2 -30.3 136.6 20.2
1971 2450.4 -90.8 114.9 -21.7
1972 2365.6 -84.8 112.3 -2.6
1973 2379.9 14.3 111.4 -0.9
1974 2247.3 -132.6 109.6 -1.8
1975 2217.7 -29.6 129.4 19.8
1976 2216 -1.7 111.5 -17.9
1977 2172.8 -43.2 110.1 -1.4
1978 2136.8 -36 110 -0.1
1979 2084.2 -52.6 108 -2
1980 2045.7 -38.5 123.1 15.1
1981 1967.6 -78.1 106.1 -17
1982 1917 -50.6 124.3 18.2
1983 1742 -175 104.8 -19.5
1984 1810.2 68.2 124 19.2
1985 1916.7 106.5 121.5 -2.5
1986 1842.1 -74.6 124 2.5
1987 1754.3 -87.8 101.9 -22.1
1988 1962.5 208.2 126.6 24.7
1989 2049.3 86.8 122.7 -3.9
1990 2063.2 13.9 114 -8.7
1991 2090.9 27.7 100.3 -13.7
1992 2204.3 113.4 95 -5.3
1993 2352.4 148.1 88.4 -6.6
1994 2202.2 -150.2 82.4 -6
1995 2058.1 -144.1 73.9 -8.5
1996 2077.3 19.2 69 -4.9
1997 2018.9 -58.4 65 -4
1998 1857.8 -161.1 61 -4
1999 1819.7 -38.1 56.2 -4.8
2000 1714.4 -105.3 55 -1.2
2001 1630.2 -84.2 51.8 -3.2
2002 1409.5 -220.7 48.7 -3.1
2003 1296.2 -113.3 46.6 -2.1
2004 1228.3 -67.9 45.1 -1.5
2005 1223.5 -4.8 43.7 -1.4
2006 1085.5 -138 40.3 -3.4
2007 918.6 -166.9 38 -2.3
2008 808.4 -110.2 36.1 -1.9
2009 733.6 -74.8 34.2 -1.9
2010 663 -70.6 31.9 -2.3
2011 626.1 -36.9
2012 564.8 -61.3

Relation between abortion and fertility

The third and fifth columns (abortion-adjusted birth and fertility measures) are not standard demographic variables but have simply been computed to give a better intuition about the maximum extent to which abortion availability could have directly affected fertility. In particular, note that abortions undertaken in a given year may substitute for a birth next year, so the year-to-year data has some inconsistencies. Also, because detailed age-specific abortion data was not available, the abortion-adjusted TFR does not take into account the age distribution of abortions but simply uses the abortion ratio to adjust the TFR (in the same way as for the CBR), therefore the measure is incorrect.

Year Crude birth rate (CBR) Abortion-adjusted crude birth rate (if every abortion had been substituted by a birth) Total fertility rate (TFR) Abortion-adjusted TFR (Crude estimate without considering age distribution of mothers undergoing abortions) Abortion ratio Abortion rate
1957 1216.9
1958 1382.2
1959 23.61 58.855008 2.583 6.4389024 1492.8 165
1960 23.16 59.560572 2.556 6.5732652 1571.7 109.8
1961 21.86 60.939122 2.458 6.8521666 1787.7 118.2
1962 20.14 60.095746 2.34 6.982326 1983.9 124.6
1963 18.72 59.943312 2.283 7.3103943 2202.1 130.7
1964 16.88 59.647168 2.16 7.632576 2533.6 137.3
1965 15.71 58.829237 2.087 7.8151889 2744.7 139.4
1966 15.34 57.044858 2.098 7.8018326 2718.7 135
1967 14.42 53.410238 2.006 7.4300234 2703.9 125.4
1968 14.07 51.814182 1.97 7.254722 2682.6 120.8
1969 14.24 50.85816 1.984 7.085856 2571.5 116.4
1970 14.61 51.736932 1.995 7.064694 2541.2 136.6
1971 15.08 52.032032 2.024 6.9836096 2450.4 114.9
1972 15.3 51.49368 2.027 6.8220712 2365.6 112.3
1973 15.06 50.901294 1.962 6.6313638 2379.9 111.4
1974 15.61 50.690353 1.995 6.4783635 2247.3 109.6
1975 15.71 50.550067 1.971 6.3420867 2217.7 129.4
1976 15.9 51.1344 1.953 6.280848 2216 111.5
1977 15.86 50.320608 1.918 6.0854304 2172.8 110.1
1978 15.91 49.906488 1.899 5.9567832 2136.8 110
1979 15.81 48.761202 1.865 5.752033 2084.2 108
1980 15.91 48.457087 1.863 5.6741391 2045.7 123.1
1981 16.07 47.689332 1.882 5.5850232 1967.6 106.1
1982 16.63 48.50971 1.956 5.705652 1917 124.3
1983 17.57 48.17694 2.088 5.725296 1742 104.8
1984 16.97 47.689094 2.051 5.7637202 1810.2 124
1985 16.61 48.446387 2.051 5.9821517 1916.7 121.5
1986 17.25 49.026225 2.177 6.1872517 1842.1 124
1987 17.2 47.37396 2.229 6.1393347 1754.3 101.9
1988 16.03 47.488875 2.142 6.345675 1962.5 126.6
1989 14.66 44.702738 2.018 6.1534874 2049.3 122.7
1990 13.44 41.169408 1.894 5.8017008 2063.2 114
1991 12.09 37.368981 1.733 5.3565297 2090.9 100.3
1992 10.69 34.253967 1.549 4.9634607 2204.3 95
1993 9.38 31.445512 1.37 4.592788 2352.4 88.4
1994 9.59 30.709098 1.395 4.467069 2202.2 82.4
1995 9.27 28.348587 1.338 4.0917378 2058.1 73.9
1996 8.88 27.326424 1.271 3.9112483 2077.3 69
1997 8.59 25.932351 1.219 3.6800391 2018.9 65
1998 8.76 25.034328 1.233 3.5236674 1857.8 61
1999 8.32 23.459904 1.158 3.2652126 1819.7 56.2
2000 8.7 23.61528 1.196 3.2464224 1714.4 55
2001 9.05 23.80331 1.224 3.2193648 1630.2 51.8
2002 9.69 23.348055 1.287 3.1010265 1409.5 48.7
2003 10.22 23.467164 1.333 3.0608346 1296.2 46.6
2004 10.45 23.285735 1.341 2.9881503 1228.3 45.1
2005 10.18 22.63523 1.288 2.863868 1223.5 43.7
2006 10.39 21.668345 1.296 2.702808 1085.5 40.3
2007 11.33 21.737738 1.406 2.6975516 918.6 38
2008 12.08 21.845472 1.494 2.7017496 808.4 36.1
2009 12.41 21.513976 1.537 2.6645432 733.6 34.2
2010 12.61 20.97043 1.569 2.609247 663 31.9
2011 626.1
2012 564.8