Fertility in Finland

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This page gives information of type fertility about the country Finland.
See all pages giving information on fertility for particular countries|See all pages giving information about Finland

Data sources

Some data on this page comes from the Human Fertility Database (website www.humanfertility.org) (data downloaded February 26, 2014, last updated by HFD October 31, 2011). The data collected by the Human Fertility Database is based on government data collection by the government of Finland. You can download the data yourself here. Details about the modalities of data collection are available here. Where available, we use HFD data because of its higher reliability.

Period fertility

Further information: period fertility in Finland


Year Crude birth rate (CBR) (births per 1000 people) CBR minus previous year's CBR Total fertility rate (TFR) (sum of all age-specific fertility rates), ballpark for replacement fertility is 2.1 TFR minus previous year's TFR TFR40 TFR40 minus previous year's TFR40
1939 21.22 2.55 2.322
1940 17.8 -3.42 2.146 -0.404 1.938 -0.384
1941 24.21 6.41 2.903 0.757 2.655 0.717
1942 16.64 -7.57 2.003 -0.9 1.801 -0.854
1943 20.47 3.83 2.467 0.464 2.228 0.427
1944 21.29 0.82 2.565 0.098 2.333 0.105
1945 25.55 4.26 3.08 0.515 2.84 0.507
1946 27.89 2.34 3.4 0.32 3.149 0.309
1947 28.04 0.15 3.463 0.063 3.223 0.074
1948 27.56 -0.48 3.452 -0.011 3.211 -0.012
1949 26.13 -1.43 3.319 -0.133 3.087 -0.124
1950 24.46 -1.67 3.152 -0.167 2.931 -0.156
1951 22.99 -1.47 3.007 -0.145 2.8 -0.131
1952 23.05 0.06 3.059 0.052 2.856 0.056
1953 21.95 -1.1 2.953 -0.106 2.762 -0.094
1954 21.45 -0.5 2.931 -0.022 2.751 -0.011
1955 21.19 -0.26 2.938 0.007 2.756 0.005
1956 20.76 -0.43 2.92 -0.018 2.752 -0.004
1957 20.11 -0.65 2.865 -0.055 2.702 -0.05
1958 18.61 -1.5 2.681 -0.184 2.531 -0.171
1959 18.94 0.33 2.756 0.075 2.609 0.078
1960 18.54 -0.4 2.721 -0.035 2.584 -0.025
1961 18.38 -0.16 2.716 -0.005 2.579 -0.005
1962 18.13 -0.25 2.684 -0.032 2.559 -0.02
1963 18.18 0.05 2.686 0.002 2.564 0.005
1964 17.68 -0.5 2.597 -0.089 2.477 -0.087
1965 17.06 -0.62 2.479 -0.118 2.371 -0.106
1966 16.96 -0.1 2.409 -0.07 2.315 -0.056
1967 16.77 -0.19 2.323 -0.086 2.233 -0.082
1968 15.91 -0.86 2.14 -0.183 2.062 -0.171
1969 14.58 -1.33 1.93 -0.21 1.866 -0.196
1970 14.01 -0.57 1.826 -0.104 1.776 -0.09
1971 13.24 -0.77 1.685 -0.141 1.646 -0.13
1972 12.68 -0.56 1.576 -0.109 1.543 -0.103
1973 12.17 -0.51 1.492 -0.084 1.46 -0.083
1974 13.32 1.15 1.613 0.121 1.581 0.121
1975 13.95 0.63 1.681 0.068 1.649 0.068
1976 14.14 0.19 1.704 0.023 1.673 0.024
1977 13.85 -0.29 1.679 -0.025 1.648 -0.025
1978 13.46 -0.39 1.643 -0.036 1.614 -0.034
1979 13.31 -0.15 1.636 -0.007 1.603 -0.011
1980 13.19 -0.12 1.632 -0.004 1.599 -0.004
1981 13.23 0.04 1.645 0.013 1.613 0.014
1982 13.7 0.47 1.715 0.07 1.679 0.066
1983 13.77 0.07 1.736 0.021 1.701 0.022
1984 13.33 -0.44 1.694 -0.042 1.658 -0.043
1985 12.82 -0.51 1.643 -0.051 1.607 -0.051
1986 12.34 -0.48 1.598 -0.045 1.564 -0.043
1987 12.13 -0.21 1.586 -0.012 1.55 -0.014
1988 12.8 0.67 1.693 0.107 1.655 0.105
1989 12.76 -0.04 1.708 0.015 1.671 0.016
1990 13.14 0.38 1.782 0.074 1.741 0.07
1991 13.04 -0.1 1.794 0.012 1.756 0.015
1992 13.24 0.2 1.848 0.054 1.806 0.05
1993 12.8 -0.44 1.814 -0.034 1.774 -0.032
1994 12.81 0.01 1.846 0.032 1.805 0.031
1995 12.35 -0.46 1.807 -0.039 1.763 -0.042
1996 11.85 -0.5 1.764 -0.043 1.721 -0.042
1997 11.54 -0.31 1.746 -0.018 1.701 -0.02
1998 11.08 -0.46 1.7 -0.046 1.653 -0.048
1999 11.15 0.07 1.735 0.035 1.686 0.033
2000 10.96 -0.19 1.729 -0.006 1.68 -0.006
2001 10.83 -0.13 1.726 -0.003 1.675 -0.005
2002 10.68 -0.15 1.718 -0.008 1.666 -0.009
2003 10.86 0.18 1.759 0.041 1.703 0.037
2004 11.04 0.18 1.8 0.041 1.742 0.039
2005 11.01 -0.03 1.803 0.003 1.746 0.004
2006 11.17 0.16 1.837 0.034 1.779 0.033
2007 11.1 -0.07 1.829 -0.008 1.769 -0.01
2008 11.2 0.1 1.846 0.017 1.786 0.017
2009 11.32 0.12 1.864 0.018 1.801 0.015
Maximum 28.04 6.41 3.463 0.757 3.223 0.717
Minimum 10.68 -7.57 1.492 -0.9 1.46 -0.854
Average 16.0545070423 -0.1414285714 2.1722112676 -0.0098 2.0716901408 -0.0074428571
Median 13.77 -0.175 1.837 -0.008 1.779 -0.0095
Standard deviation 4.8701668463 1.5655857687 0.5812976841 0.1900521362 0.5125091941 0.1806376496
Slope for best linear fit (using linear regression) -0.2076056338 0.0005353862 -0.0216866197 8.64316332779277E-005 -0.0185520121 -2.53171201119763E-005
Multiplier for best logarithmic fit (using linear regression on logarithm) 0.98751546 0.9906095141 0.9915727126
R^2 for linear regression 0.7741055638 0.0069594978 0.592920057 0.0092552368 0.5581980487 -0.0028522895


Completed fertility

Further information: completed fertility in Finland


Cohort Completed cohort fertility (CCF) CCF minus previous year's CCF CCF40 CCF40 minus previous year's CCF40
1924 2.588 2.497
1925 2.58 -0.008 2.5 0.003
1926 2.558 -0.022 2.485 -0.015
1927 2.545 -0.013 2.483 -0.002
1928 2.53 -0.015 2.478 -0.005
1929 2.481 -0.049 2.438 -0.04
1930 2.462 -0.019 2.427 -0.011
1931 2.437 -0.025 2.404 -0.023
1932 2.393 -0.044 2.362 -0.042
1933 2.354 -0.039 2.323 -0.039
1934 2.325 -0.029 2.296 -0.027
1935 2.299 -0.026 2.269 -0.027
1936 2.245 -0.054 2.214 -0.055
1937 2.175 -0.07 2.143 -0.071
1938 2.144 -0.031 2.112 -0.031
1939 2.108 -0.036 2.074 -0.038
1940 2.034 -0.074 2.002 -0.072
1941 1.973 -0.061 1.939 -0.063
1942 1.953 -0.02 1.916 -0.023
1943 1.921 -0.032 1.885 -0.031
1944 1.892 -0.029 1.855 -0.03
1945 1.881 -0.011 1.845 -0.01
1946 1.864 -0.017 1.83 -0.015
1947 1.863 -0.001 1.825 -0.005
1948 1.85 -0.013 1.811 -0.014
1949 1.859 0.009 1.818 0.007
1950 1.847 -0.012 1.806 -0.012
1951 1.865 0.018 1.823 0.017
1952 1.853 -0.012 1.812 -0.011
1953 1.859 0.006 1.817 0.005
1954 1.882 0.023 1.839 0.022
1955 1.896 0.014 1.853 0.014
1956 1.912 0.016 1.864 0.011
1957 1.935 0.023 1.886 0.022
1958 1.946 0.011 1.897 0.011
1959 1.947 0.001 1.897 0
1960 1.91 0.013
1961 1.898 -0.012
1962 1.884 -0.014
1963 1.887 0.003
1964 1.863 -0.024
1965 1.864 0.001
1966 1.842 -0.022
1967 1.827 -0.015
1968 1.849 0.022
1969 1.836 -0.013


Other fertility data