Fertility in Germany

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This page gives information of type fertility about the country Germany.
See all pages giving information on fertility for particular countries|See all pages giving information about Germany

Data sources

Most of the data on this page comes from the Human Fertility Database (website www.humanfertility.org) (data downloaded January 2014, last updated April 2013). The data collected by the Human Fertility Database is based on government data collection by the German government. Details about the modalities of data collection are available here.

Qualitative history of fertility-relevant events

See Wikipedia:Abortion in Germany.

Year Event Postulated effects seen in fertility statistics
1926 Reduction in maximum penalty for abortion and legalization under some circumstances (such as threat to the mother's health)
1972 East Germany: Abortion on demand was legalized for the first 12 weeks after pregnancy.
1974 West Germany: Law passed similar to that in East Germany in 1972, but struck down by the courts.
1976 West Germany: Legalized abortion up until twelve weeks of pregnancy — for reasons of medical necessity, sexual crimes, or serious social or emotional distress — if approved by two doctors, and subject to counseling and a three-day waiting period.
1992 (post-reunification) A new law was passed by the Bundestag, permitting first-trimester abortions on demand, subject to counseling and a three-day waiting period, and permitting late-term abortions when the physical or psychological healh of the woman is seriously threatened. The law was challenged and it was held that abortion was still a crime but it was within the discretion of the state to choose not to punish it.
1995 Parliament passed a law explicitly stating it would discretionarily choose not to prosecute first trimester abortions while facilitating state-regulated counseling intended to discourage termination and protect unborn life.

Key quantitative metrics

Metric Most recent measurement, along with year and source Extreme values, along with year and source
crude birth rate (CBR) 8.29 (year 2010, based on Human Fertility Database data last updated April 2013) Data available 1956-2010; maximum value 18.14 in 1963, minimum value 8.12 in 2009.
total fertility rate (TFR) 1.394 (year 2010, based on Human Fertility Database data last updated April 2013)
Compare to replacement fertility ~ 2.1
Data available 1956-2010; maximum value 2.535 in 1964, minimum value 1.243 in 1994.
TFR40 1.349 (year 2010, based on Human Fertility Database data last updated April 2013) Data available 1956-2010; maximum value 2.463 in 1964, minimum value 1.224 in 1994.
completed cohort fertility 1.659 (birth cohort 1960, data last updated April 2013) Data available for birth cohorts 1941-1960: maximum value 1.916 in 1941, minimum value 1.658 in 1954.
CCF40 1.453 (birth cohort 1970, data last updated April 2013) Data available for birth cohorts 1941-1970: maximum value 1.902 in 1941, minimum value 1.445 in 1969.

Data on period fertility

Data on total indicators only without breakdown by birth order

Year CBR (births per 1000 people per year) CBR minus previous year's CBR TFR (sum of all age-specific fertility rates), ballpark for replacement fertility is 2.1 TFR minus previous year's TFR TFR40 (sum of age-specific fertility rates up to the age of 40), almost equal to TFR because births above the age of 40 are rare TFR40 minus previous year's TFR40
1956 15.98 2.22 2.153
1957 16.36 0.38 2.274 0.054 2.208 0.055
1958 16.38 0.02 2.276 0.002 2.213 0.005
1959 17.2 0.82 2.368 0.092 2.303 0.09
1960 17.31 0.11 2.368 0 2.305 0.002
1961 17.89 0.58 2.444 0.076 2.382 0.077
1962 17.78 -0.11 2.44 -0.004 2.379 -0.003
1963 18.14 0.36 2.512 0.072 2.45 0.071
1964 18.02 -0.12 2.535 0.023 2.473 0.023
1965 17.44 -0.58 2.501 -0.034 2.441 -0.032
1966 17.21 -0.23 2.507 0.006 2.451 0.01
1967 16.53 -0.68 2.45 -0.057 2.398 -0.053
1968 15.71 -0.82 2.36 -0.09 2.31 -0.088
1969 14.66 -1.05 2.211 -0.149 2.164 -0.146
1970 13.4 -1.26 2.029 -0.182 1.986 -0.178
1971 12.94 -0.46 1.965 -0.064 1.923 -0.063
1972 11.46 -1.48 1.734 -0.231 1.697 -0.226
1973 10.34 -1.12 1.556 -0.178 1.524 -0.173
1974 10.2 -0.14 1.526 -0.03 1.496 -0.028
1975 9.94 -0.26 1.48 -0.046 1.454 -0.042
1976 10.19 0.25 1.507 0.027 1.484 0.03
1977 10.31 0.12 1.51 0.003 1.49 0.006
1978 10.35 0.04 1.501 -0.009 1.484 -0.006
1979 10.46 0.11 1.498 -0.003 1.482 -0.002
1980 11.06 0.6 1.561 0.063 1.545 0.063
1981 11 -0.06 1.529 -0.032 1.514 -0.031
1982 11 0 1.506 -0.023 1.491 -0.023
1983 10.6 -0.4 1.429 -0.077 1.415 -0.076
1984 10.43 -0.17 1.387 -0.042 1.373 -0.042
1985 10.48 0.05 1.374 -0.013 1.36 -0.013
1986 10.92 0.44 1.414 0.04 1.4 0.04
1987 11.15 0.23 1.434 0.02 1.418 0.018
1988 11.43 0.28 1.461 0.027 1.445 0.027
1989 11.18 -0.25 1.422 -0.039 1.404 -0.041
1990 11.41 0.23 1.452 0.03 1.434 0.03
1991 10.38 -1.03 1.331 -0.121 1.313 -0.121
1992 10.04 -0.34 1.296 -0.035 1.278 -0.035
1993 9.84 -0.2 1.279 -0.017 1.261 -0.017
1994 9.46 -0.38 1.243 -0.036 1.224 -0.037
1995 9.37 -0.09 1.249 0.006 1.231 0.007
1996 9.72 0.35 1.319 0.07 1.299 0.068
1997 9.9 0.18 1.37 0.051 1.348 0.049
1998 9.57 -0.33 1.355 -0.015 1.333 -0.015
1999 9.39 -0.18 1.361 0.006 1.338 0.005
2000 9.33 -0.06 1.383 0.022 1.358 0.02
2001 8.92 -0.41 1.349 -0.034 1.324 -0.034
2002 8.72 -0.2 1.342 -0.007 1.315 -0.009
2003 8.57 -0.15 1.34 -0.002 1.313 -0.002
2004 8.55 -0.02 1.359 0.019 1.33 0.017
2005 8.32 -0.23 1.34 -0.019 1.309 -0.021
2006 8.17 -0.15 1.331 -0.009 1.298 -0.011
2007 8.32 0.15 1.371 0.04 1.334 0.036
2008 8.31 -0.01 1.38 0.009 1.34 0.006
2009 8.12 -0.19 1.359 -0.021 1.317 -0.023
2010 8.29 0.17 1.394 0.035 1.349 0.032
Mean 11.7845454545 -0.1424074074 1.6816727273 -0.0152962963 1.6483818182 -0.0148888889
Median 10.46 -0.115 1.461 -0.0055 1.445 -0.0045
Standard deviation 3.2385552438 0.46242158 0.4435017247 0.0645348026 0.4279727618 0.063319098
Slope for best linear fit (using linear regression) -0.1786031746 0.0014694111 -0.0234471861 0.0005254812 -0.022767316 0.0004302649
Multiplier for best log-linear fit (using linear regression on the logarithm) 0.9855550552 0.9870155751 0.9870882781

Data on cohort fertility

CCF and CCF40, not broken down by birth order

Year of birth CCF CCF minus previous year's CCF CCF40 CCF40 minus previous year's CCF40
1941 1.916 1.902
1942 1.865 -0.051 1.851 -0.051
1943 1.829 -0.036 1.815 -0.036
1944 1.8 -0.029 1.786 -0.029
1945 1.795 -0.005 1.779 -0.007
1946 1.795 0 1.778 -0.001
1947 1.769 -0.026 1.753 -0.025
1948 1.749 -0.02 1.731 -0.022
1949 1.735 -0.014 1.717 -0.014
1950 1.723 -0.012 1.705 -0.012
1951 1.693 -0.03 1.675 -0.03
1952 1.687 -0.006 1.668 -0.007
1953 1.676 -0.011 1.657 -0.011
1954 1.658 -0.018 1.638 -0.019
1955 1.674 0.016 1.654 0.016
1956 1.671 -0.003 1.649 -0.005
1957 1.66 -0.011 1.637 -0.012
1958 1.662 0.002 1.638 0.001
1959 1.661 -0.001 1.636 -0.002
1960 1.659 -0.002 1.632 -0.004
1961 1.608 -0.024
1962 1.586 -0.022
1963 1.559 -0.027
1964 1.534 -0.025
1965 1.515 -0.019
1966 1.486 -0.029
1967 1.458 -0.028
1968 1.446 -0.012
1969 1.445 -0.001
1970 1.453 0.008
Mean 1.73385 0.0018824561 1.6463666667 0.001822807
Median 1.708 -0.011 1.6435 -0.012
Standard deviation 0.0777623065 0.0157739885 0.1233110682 0.015414924
Slope for best linear fit (using linear regression) -0.0123646617 0.0018824561 -0.0137239155 0.001822807
Multiplier for best logarithmic fit (using linear regression on the logarithm) 0.992973215 0.9916675959